Ships
of the
U.S. Navy 

The Early Republic
and
The War of 1812
1798-1820

INDEX - 1798 - 1799 - 1800 - 1801 - 1802 - 1803 - 1804 - 1805-12 - 1812 - 1813 - 1814 - 1815 - 1816-20 - TOP

1798

Work in Progress on:

Ship

Guns

Notes

Congress

38

Building at Portsmouth

President

44

Building at New York

Chesapeake

38

Building at Norfolk

New York

38

Building at New York

Philadelphia

38

Building at Philadelphia

Boston

28

Building at Boston

Essex

32

Building at Boston

John Adams

28

Building at Charleston

Maryland

20

Building at Baltimore

Patapsco

20

Building at Baltimore

General Greene

24

Building at Warren, R.I.

Connecticut

24

Building at Middletwon, Conn.

Adams

24

Building at New York

 

Additions & Captures:

United States

44

Built, Philadelphia

Constitution

44

Built, Boston

Constellation

38

Built, Baltimore

Portsmouth

24

Built, Portsmouth

Pinckney

18

Built, Charleston

Norfolk

18

Built, Norfolk

Merrimack

24

Built, Newburyport

Richmond

18

Built, Norfolk

Ganges

24

Purchased and armed

George Washington

24

Purchased and armed

Delaware

20

Purchased and armed

Montezuma

20

Purchased and armed

Baltimore

20

Purchased and armed

Herald

20

Purchased and armed

Croyable

14

Taken; taken into service as Retaliation

Eagle

14

Revenue cutter taken naval service

Pickering

14

Revenue cutter taken naval service

Governor Jay

14

Revenue cutter taken naval service

Virginia

14

Revenue cutter taken naval service

General Greene

10

Revenue cutter taken naval service

Diligence

10

Revenue cutter taken naval service

Scammel

14

Revenue cutter taken naval service

South Carolina

10

Revenue cutter taken naval service

 

Losses:

Retaliation

14

Taken after chase

INDEX - 1798 - 1799 - 1800 - 1801 - 1802 - 1803 - 1804 - 1805-12 - 1812 - 1813 - 1814 - 1815 - 1816-20 - TOP

1799

Work in Progress on:

Ship

Guns

Notes

Congress

38

Building at Portsmouth

President

44

Building at New York

Chesapeake

38

Building at Norfolk

New York

38

Building at New York

Philadelphia

38

Building at Philadelphia

Essex

32

Building at Boston

Trumbull

24

Building at Norwich, Conn.

 

Additions & Captures:

Warren

24

Built at Providence

Augusta

14

Purchased and armed

Enterprise

12

Built at Baltimore

Experiment

12

Built at Baltimore

Insurgente

36

Taken in action

 

Losses:

none

 

 

INDEX - 1798 - 1799 - 1800 - 1801 - 1802 - 1803 - 1804 - 1805-12 - 1812 - 1813 - 1814 - 1815 - 1816-20 - TOP

1800

Work in Progress on:

Ship

Guns

Notes

none

 

 

 

Additions & Captures:

Congress

38

Built

President

44

Built

Chesapeake

38

Built

New York

38

Built

Philadelphia

38

Built

Essex

32

Built

Trumbull

24

Built

Berceau

24

Taken in action

Magicienne

14

Taken after chase; not taken into service

 

Losses:

Insurgente

36

Foundered at sea

Pickering

14

Foundered at sea

INDEX - 1798 - 1799 - 1800 - 1801 - 1802 - 1803 - 1804 - 1805-12 - 1812 - 1813 - 1814 - 1815 - 1816-20 - TOP

1801

Work in Progress on:

Ship

Guns

Notes

none

 

 

 

Additions & Captures:

Tripoli

14

Taken in action; returned

 

Losses:

Ganges

24

Sold out of service

Merrimack

24

Sold out of service

Trumbull

24

Sold out of service

Montezuma

20

Sold out of service

Warren

24

Sold out of service

Maryland

20

Sold out of service

Patapsco

20

Sold out of service

Richmond

18

Sold out of service

Pinckney

18

Sold out of service

Portsmouth

24

Sold out of service

Connecticut

24

Sold out of service

Baltimore

20

Sold out of service

Delaware

20

Sold out of service

Herald

20

Sold out of service

Norfolk

18

Sold out of service

Experiment

12

Sold out of service

INDEX - 1798 - 1799 - 1800 - 1801 - 1802 - 1803 - 1804 - 1805-12 - 1812 - 1813 - 1814 - 1815 - 1816-20 - TOP

1803 (no changes in 1802)

Work in Progress on:

Ship

Guns

Notes

none

 

 

 

Additions & Captures:

Argus

16

Built at Boston

Syren

16

Built at Philadelphia

Nautilus

12

Built at Baltimore

Vixen

12

Built at Baltimore

Meshouda

22

Blown up in action

Mirbouka

22

Taken in action; returned

 

Losses:

Philadelphia

38

Wrecked and captured

INDEX - 1798 - 1799 - 1800 - 1801 - 1802 - 1803 - 1804 - 1805-12 - 1812 - 1813 - 1814 - 1815 - 1816-20 - TOP

1804

Work in Progress on:

Ship

Guns

Notes

none

 

 

 

Additions & Captures:

Transfer

16

Taken in action; taken into service as Scourge

Hornet

10

Purchased

Viper

10

Purchased

 

 

 

Losses:

Philadelphia

38

Destroyed in Tripoli harbor

INDEX - 1798 - 1799 - 1800 - 1801 - 1802 - 1803 - 1804 - 1805-12 - 1812 - 1813 - 1814 - 1815 - 1816-20 - TOP

1805-1812
Various small changes, resulting in Navy list, at outbreak of war, of:

Ship

Guns

Notes

President

44

 

United States

44

 

Constitution

44

 

Cheasapeake

38

 

Constellation

38

 

Congress

38

 

Essex

32

 

Adams

28

 

John Adams

24

 

Argus

16

 

Syren

16

 

Nautilus

12

 

Enterprise

12

 

Viper

10

 

 

New vessels:

Hornet

18

Built at Baltimore

Wasp

18

Buit at Washington

Oneida

16

Built at Sackett’s Harbor, Lake Ontario

Spitfire (bomb vessel)

 

 

Vengeance (bomb vessel)

 

 

Etna (bomb vessel)

 

 

Vesuvius (bomb vessel)

 

 

 

 

 

Gunboats:

27 at New Orleans

 

 

10 at Charleston

 

 

21 at Norfolk

 

 

10 at Baltimore

 

 

20 at Philadelphia

 

 

52 at New York

 

 

2 at Westerly, R.I.

 

 

2 at Norwich, Conn.

 

 

4 at Wilmington, N.C.

 

 

1 at Boston

 

 

9 at Portland

 

 

9 at Washington

 

 

2 on Lake Champlain

 

 

 

Also 3 old ships, reduced to hulks:

New York, Boston, General Greene

 

 

INDEX - 1798 - 1799 - 1800 - 1801 - 1802 - 1803 - 1804 - 1805-12 - 1812 - 1813 - 1814 - 1815 - 1816-20 - TOP

1812

Work in Progress on:

Ship

Guns

Notes

none

 

 

 

Additions & Captures:

Nonsuch

12

Purchased at Charleston

Carolina

12

Purchased at Charleston

Louisianna

16

Purchased at Charleston

Guerrière

38

Captured by U.S.S. Constitution; burned

Macedonian

38

Captured by U.S.S. United States; taken into service;

Java

38

Captured by U.S.S. Constitution; burned

Frolic

18

Captured by U.S.S. Wasp; recaptured but condemned as too wrecked to be useful

Alert

20

Captured by U.S.S. Essex; taken into service

 

 

 

Losses:

Wasp

18

Captured by British line-of-battle ship

Nautilus

12

Captured by British frigate

Vixen

12

Captured by British frigate

INDEX - 1798 - 1799 - 1800 - 1801 - 1802 - 1803 - 1804 - 1805-12 - 1812 - 1813 - 1814 - 1815 - 1816-20 - TOP

1813

Work in Progress on:

Ship

Guns

Notes

Wasp

20

Building at Newburyport

Frolic

20

Building at Boston

Peacock

20

Building at New York

Ontario

20

Building at Baltimore

Erie

20

Building at Baltimore

Argus

20

Building at Washington

Guerrière

44

Building at Philadelphia

Java

44

Building at Baltimore

Columbia

44

Building at Washington

Washington

74

Building at Portsmouth

Franklin

74

Building at Philadelphia

Independence

74

Building at Boston

 

Additions & Captures:

General Pike

24

Built at Sackett’s Harbor, Lake Ontario

Madison

20

Built at Sackett’s Harbor, Lake Ontario

Sylph

16

Built at Sackett’s Harbor, Lake Ontario

Hamilton

9

Purchased, Lake Ontario

Scourge

10

Purchased, Lake Ontario

Governor Tompkins

6

Purchased, Lake Ontario

Growler

7

Purchased, Lake Ontario

Pert

3

Purchased, Lake Ontario

Lady of the Lake

3

Purchased, Lake Ontario

Conquest

3

Purchased, Lake Ontario

Fair American

3

Purchased, Lake Ontario

Ontario

3

Purchased, Lake Ontario

Asp

3

Purchased, Lake Ontario

Julia

2

Purchased, Lake Ontario

Elizabeth

2

Purchased, Lake Ontario

Lawrence

20

Built, Presqu’Île, Lake Erie

Niagara

20

Built, Presqu’Île, Lake Erie

Caledonia

4

Captured by boat expedition, Lake Erie; taken into service

Detroit

6

Captured by boat expedition, Lake Erie; destroyed

Somers

2

Purchased at Buffalo, Lake Erie

Tigress

1

Purchased at Buffalo, Lake Erie

Ohio

1

Purchased at Buffalo, Lake Erie

Trippe

1

Purchased at Buffalo, Lake Erie

Ariel

4

Built, Presqu’Île, Lake Erie

Scorpion

2

Built, Presqu’Île, Lake Erie

Porcupine

1

Built, Presqu’Île, Lake Erie

Growler

11

Purchased at Whitehall, Lake Champlain

Eagle

11

Purchased at Whitehall, Lake Champlain

President

11

Purchased at Whitehall, Lake Champlain

Rattlesnake

14

Purchased at Medford, Pa.

Peacock

18

Captured by U.S.S. Hornet; sank after action

Boxer

12

Captured by U.S.S. Enterprise; taken into service

Highflyer

12

Captured by U.S.S. President; not taken into service

Duke of Gloucester

10

Captured by Lake Ontario fleet

Mary

3

Captured by Lake Ontario fleet

Lady Gore

3

Captured by Lake Ontario fleet

(corvette)

24

Burned on stocks at York by Lake Ontario fleet

Detroit

19

Captured by Lake Erie fleet

Queen Charlotte

17

Captured by Lake Erie fleet

Lady Prevost

13

Captured by Lake Erie fleet

Chippeway

1

Captured by Lake Erie fleet

Little Belt

3

Captured by Lake Erie fleet

 

Losses:

Chesapeake

38

Captured by H.M.S. Shannon

Argus

16

Captured by H.M.S. Pelican

Viper

10

Captured by British frigate

Growler

11

Captured by land forces, Lake Champlain

Eagle

11

Captured by land forces, Lake Champlain

President

11

Sold as unserviceable, Lake Champlain

Hamilton

9

Lost in gale with all hands, Lake Ontario

Scourge

10

Lost in gale with all hands, Lake Ontario

INDEX - 1798 - 1799 - 1800 - 1801 - 1802 - 1803 - 1804 - 1805-12 - 1812 - 1813 - 1814 - 1815 - 1816-20 - TOP

1814

Work in Progress on:

Ship

Guns

Notes

Fulton

30

Building at New York

New Orleans

100

Building at Sackett’s Harbor

Chippewa

74

Building at Sackett’s Harbor

 

Additions & Captures:

Wasp

20

Built at Newburyport

Frolic

20

Built at Boston

Peacock

20

Built at New York

Ontario

20

Built at Baltimore

Erie

20

Built at Baltimore

Guerrière

44

Built at Philadelphia

Java

44

Built at Baltimore

Flambeau

14

Purchased and armed

Spark

14

Purchased and armed

Firefly

14

Purchased and armed

Torch

12

Purchased and armed

Spitfire

12

Purchased and armed

Eagle

12

Purchased and armed

Prometheus

12

Purchased and armed

Chippeway

14

Purchased and armed

Saranac

14

Purchased and armed

Saratoga

26

Built, Lake Champlain

Eagle

20

Built, Lake Champlain

Ticonderoga

14

Built, Lake Champlain

Preble

7

Purchased, Lake Champlain

Superior

58

Built, Sackett’s Harbor, Lake Ontario

Plattsburg

58

Built, Sackett’s Harbor, Lake Ontario

Mohawk

38

Built, Sackett’s Harbor, Lake Ontario

Jefferson

22

Built, Sackett’s Harbor, Lake Ontario

Jones

22

Built, Sackett’s Harbor, Lake Ontario

Magnet

12

Taken by Lake Ontario fleet; burned

Black Snake

1

Taken by Lake Ontario fleet

Ballahou

4

Taken by privateer

Landrail

4

Taken by privateer

Dominica

12

Taken by privateer

Pictou

14

Taken by U.S.S. Constitution

Épervier

18

Taken by Peacock; taken into service

Reindeer

18

Sunk by Wasp

Avon

18

Sunk by Wasp

Confiance

36

Taken by Lake Champlain fleet

Linnet

16

Taken by Lake Champlain fleet

Chubb

12

Taken by Lake Champlain fleet

Finch

11

Taken by Lake Champlain fleet

 

Losses:

Columbia

44

Destroyed by British army

Argus

20

Destroyed by British army

Adams

28

Destroyed by British army

Carolina

14

Burned in action with batteries

Essex

32

Taken in action

Frolic

20

Taken after chase

Ratlesnake

14

Taken after chase

Syren

16

Taken after chase

Tigress

1

Taken by boat expedition

Scorpion

2

Taken by boat expedition

Ohio

1

Taken by boat expedition

Somers

2

Taken by boat expedition

Wasp

20

Foundered at sea (?)

INDEX - 1798 - 1799 - 1800 - 1801 - 1802 - 1803 - 1804 - 1805-12 - 1812 - 1813 - 1814 - 1815 - 1816-20 - TOP

1815

Work in Progress on:

Ship

Guns

Notes

none

 

 

 

Additions & Captures:

Fulton

30

Built at New York

Washington

74

Built at Portsmouth

Franklin

74

Built at Philadelphia

Independence

74

Buildit at Boston

St. Lawrence

12

Taken by privateer

Cyane

32

Taken by U.S.S. Constitution

Levant

20

Taken by U.S.S. Constitution; retaken

Penguin

18

Taken by U.S.S. Hornet; destroyed

Nautilus

14

Taken by U.S.S. Peacock; returned

Meshouda

48

Taken by U.S.S. Guerrière and Épervier; returned

Estidio

22

Blown up in action

 

Losses:

President

44

Taken by fleet

INDEX - 1798 - 1799 - 1800 - 1801 - 1802 - 1803 - 1804 - 1805-12 - 1812 - 1813 - 1814 - 1815 - 1816-20 - TOP

1815-1820
During this period all the purchased schooners and nearly all the gunboats were sold out of service.
There were no additions.

 


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