Ships
of the
U.S. Navy 

The Civil War
1861

INDEX - 1861 - 1862 - 1863 - 1864 - 1865 - TOP

1861: Ships, Stations, and States

Ship

Guns

Notes

Out of Commission (no crews)

Roanoke (steam frigate)

 

 

Wabash (steam frigate)

 

 

Colorado (steam frigate)

 

 

Minnesota (steam frigate)

 

 

Pensacola (first-class screw sloop)

 

 

Mississippi  (large paddle steamer)

 

 

Water Witch (small paddle sloop)

 

Condemned

Mohawk (small screw gunboat)

 

Condemned, New York

Crusader (small screw gunboat)

 

Condemned, New York

Potomac (sail frigate)

 

 

Brandywine (sail frigate)

 

 

St. Lawrence (sail frigate)

 

 

Santee (sail frigate)

 

 

Savannah (sail frigate)

 

 

Raritan (sail frigate)

 

 

Jamestown (sail sloop)

 

 

Portsmouth (sail sloop)

 

 

Decatur (small sail sloop)

 

 

Marion (small sail sloop)

 

 

Decatur (small sail sloop)

 

 

Preble (small sail sloop)

 

 

Dale (sail brig)

 

 

Perry (sail brig)

 

 

 

Burned at Norfolk:

Merrimack (frigate)

 

 

Germantown (sail sloop)

 

 

Plymouth (sail sloop)

 

 

Dolphin (sail brig)

 

 

 

In Pacific Ocean:

Niagara (first-class screw sloop)

 

En route from Japan

Lancaster (first-class screw sloop)

 

Cruising

Wyoming (second-class screw sloop)

 

En route to Japan

Narragansett (second-class screw sloop)

 

 

Saranac  (large paddle steamer)

 

Cruising

St. Marys (sail sloop)

 

Cruising

Cyane (sail sloop)

 

Cruising

Levant (sail sloop)

 

Cruising

 

Cruising off Africa:

San Jacinto  (first-class screw sloop)

 

 

Mohican (second-class screw sloop)

 

 

Sumter (small screw gunboat)

 

 

Mystic (small screw gunboat)

 

 

Constellation (sail sloop)

 

 

Portsmouth (sail sloop)

 

 

Saratoga (sail sloop)

 

 

 

On Lake Erie:

Michigan (small paddle sloop)

 

 

 

At Pensacola:

Brooklyn (first-class screw sloop)

 

 

Wyandotte (small screw gunboat)

 

 

Sabine (sail frigate)

 

 

St. Louis (sail sloop)

 

 

 

In East Indies:

Hartford (first-class screw sloop)

 

 

Dakota (second-class screw sloop)

 

 

Saginaw (small paddle sloop)

 

 

John Adams (sail sloop)

 

 

Vandalia (sail sloop)

 

 

 

At Washington:

Pawnee (second-class screw sloop)

 

 

 

Gulf of Mexico:

Cumberland (sail sloop)

 

 

Macedonian (sail sloop)

 

“Cruising off Mexico” – may be in Pacific

 

In Mediterranean:

Richmond (first-class screw sloop)

 

 

Iroquois (second-class screw sloop)

 

 

Susquehanna (large paddle steamer)

 

 

 

Off Brazil:

Seminole (second-class screw sloop)

 

 

Pulaski (small paddle sloop)

 

 

Congress (sail frigate)

 

 

 

Atlantic:

Pocahontas (second-class screw sloop)

 

En route to New York

Powhatan  (large paddle steamer)

 

En route to New York

INDEX - 1861 - 1862 - 1863 - 1864 - 1865 - TOP

1861

Ships Laid Down:

Ship

Tonnage

Armament
(#=pound, R=rifled, H=howitzer)

Notes

90-day gunboats

Arroostook

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Cayuga

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Chippewa

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Chocura

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Huron

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Itasca

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Kanawha

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Katahdin

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Kennebec

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Kinco

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Marblehead

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Ottawa

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Owasco

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Pembina

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Penobscot

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Pinola

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Sagamore

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Sciota

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Seneca

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Tahoma

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Unadilla

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Winona

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Wissahickon

691

1-11”, 1-20#R, 2-24#H

 

Wooden double-enders

Mahaska

1070

1-100#R, 1-9”, 4-24#H

 

Maratanza

850

1-100#R, 1-9”, 4-24#H

 

Miami

850

1-100#R, 1-9”, 4-24#H

 

Sebago

1070

1-100#R, 1-9”, 4-24#H

 

Cimarron

993

1-100#R, 1-9”, 6-24#H

Completed 1862

Conemaugh

1105

1-100#R, 1-9”, 6-24#H

Completed 1862

Genesee

1120

1-100#R, 1-9”, 6-24#H

Completed 1862

Port Royal

1163

1-100#R, 1-9”, 6-24#H

Completed 1862

Sonoma

1105

1-100#R, 1-9”, 6-24#H

Completed 1862

Tioga

1120

1-100#R, 1-9”, 6-24#H

Completed 1862

Octorora

981

1-80#R, 1-11”, 4-24#H

 

Paul Jones

1210

1-100#R, 2-9”, 1-11”, 2-50#R, 2-24”H

Completed 1862

Second-class screw sloops

Juniata

1934

1-100#R, 1-11”, 4-30#R, 4-24#H

Completed 1862

Adirondack

1934

2-11”, 2-24#H, 4-32#

Completed 1862

Housatonic

1934

1-100#R, 1-11”, 3-30#R, 2-32#, 2-24#H, 2-12#H

Completed 1862

Ossipee

1934

1-100#R, 1-11”, 3-30#R, 6-32#

Completed 1862

Kearsarge

1461

2-11”, 1-20#R, 4-32#, 2-12#H

Completed 1862

Oneida

1488

2-11”, 2-9”, 3-30#R, 4-32#

Completed 1862

Tuscarora

1457

2-11”, 6-32#R, 1-30#R

Completed 1862

Wachusett

1488

2-11”, 2-30#R, 1-20#R, 2-12#R

Completed 1862

Canandaigua

2030

1-150#R, 2-11”, 3-20#R, 2-12#R

Completed 1862

Lackawanna

2526

1-150#R, 2-11”, 4-9”, 2-24#H, 2-12#H, 2-12#R

Completed 1862

Monongahela

2078

1-100#R, 2-11”, 5-32#, 2-24#H, 2-12#H, 2-12#R

Completed 1862

Sacramento

2100

1-150#R, 2-11”, 1-30#R, 2-24#H, 2-12#H, 2-12#R

Completed 1862

Shenandoah

2030

1-150#R, 2-11”, 1-30#R, 2-24#H, 2-12#H, 2-12#R

Completed 1862

Ticonderoga

2526

1-150#R, 1-50#R, 6-9”, 2-24”H

Completed 1862

Ironclads

Monitor

987

2-11”

Completed 1862

Galena

940

2-100#R, 4-9”

Completed 1862

New Ironsides

4120

2-150#R, 2-50#R, 14-11”, 1-12#H

Completed 1862

Except as noted, all completed 1861.

 

Merchant Ships Purchased and Armed:

Ship

Type

Tonnage

Armament
(#=pound, R=rifled, H=howitzer)

Alabama

Side wheeler

1261

8-32#

Albatross

Screw

378

1-8”, 2-32#

Amanda

Bark

368

6-32#, 1-20#R

Antelope

Side wheeler

173

2-30#R, 4-24#H

Avenger

Bark

554

6-32#

Augusta

Screw

1310

8-32#

Bienville

Side wheeler

1558

8-32#

Bohio

Brig

197

2-32#

Braziliera

Bark

525

6-32#

Cambridge

Screw

858

4-8”, 4-30#R, 2-24#H

Ceres

Side wheeler

150

1-30#R, 1-32#

Clifton

Side wheeler ferry

892

2-9”, 4-32#

Couer-de-Lion

Side wheeler

110

1-30#R, 1-12#R, 1-12#H

Cohasset

Screw tug

100

1-20#R

Commodore Barney

Side wheeler ferry

512

1-100#R, 3-9”

Commodore Perrty

Side wheeler ferry

512

2-9”, 2-32#, 1-12#H

Connecticut

Side wheeler

1725

2-8”, 1-30#R

Cossack

Ship

556

2-32#

Curlew

?

380

1-30#R, 6-32#

Currituck

Screw

195

1-20#R, 4-32#

Dawn

Screw

399

1-20#R, 4-32#

Daylight

Screw

682

4-32#

Delaware

Side wheeler

357

1-9”, 1-32#, 1-12#R

De Soto

Side wheeler

1675

1-30#R, 8-32#

Dragon

Screw tug

118

1-30#R, 1-24#H

E. B. Hale

Screw

220

4-32#

Ellen

Side wheeler ferry

341

2-30#R, 2-32#

Ethan Allen

Bark

556

6-32#, 1-12#H

Fernandina

Bark

297

6-32#

Flag

Screw

938

6-8”

Flambeau

Screw

850

1-30#R, 1-20#R, 2-12#H

Florida

Side wheeler

1261

1-20#R, 8-32#

G. W. Blunt

Schooner

121

1-12#, 1-12#R

Gem of the Sea

Bark

371

6-32#

Gemsbok

Bark

622

4-8”, 2-32#

Harriet Lane

Side wheeler

600

3-8”, 1-30#R, 1-12#R

Hatteras

Side wheeler

1120

1-20#R, 4-32#

Henry Andrew

Spiral propellor

177

1-20#R, 2-32#

Henry Brincker

Screw

108

1-30#R

Hetzel

Side wheeler

200

1-9”, 1-80#R

Hope

Schooner

134

1-20#R

Hunchback

Side wheeler ferry

578

1-100#R, 3-9”

Huntsville

Screw

840

1-64#, 2-32#

I. N. Seymour

Side wheeler

140

1-30#R, 1-20#R

Ino

Ship

895

1-20#R, 8-32#

Isaac Smith

Screw

453

1-30#R, 8-8”

Island Belle

Side wheeler

123

1-32#, 1-12#R

J. S. Kuhn

Bark

888

6-32#

Jacob Bell

Side wheeler tug

229

1-8”, 1-32#

James Adger

Side wheeler

1152

1-20#R, 8-32#

James L. Davis

Bark

461

4-8”

James S. Chamber

Schooner

401

4-32#, 1-20#R, 1-12#H

John L. Lockwood

Side wheeler

180

1-80#R, 1-12#R, 1-12#H

John P. Jackson

Side wheeler ferry

750

1-9”, 4-32#, 1-6”

Keystone State

Side wheeler

1364

1-150#R, 6-8”, 2-32#, 2-30#R

Kingfisher

Bark

451

4-8”

Kittatiny

Schooner

450

4-32#

Louisiana

Screw

295

1-8”, 2-32#, 1-12#R

Madgie

Screw

220

1-8”, 1-30#R

Marie A. Wood

Schooner

344

2-32#

Massachusetts

Screw

1155

4-8”, 1-32#

Mercedita

Screw

1000

8-32#

Mercury

Side wheeler tug

187

1-30#R, 1-20#R

Montgomery

Screw

787

1-8”, 4-32#

Midnight

Bark

387

1-20#R, 4-32#

Monticello

Screw

655

1-10#, 2-32#

Morning Light

Ship

938

8-32#

Morse

Side wheeler ferry

513

2-11”, 2-24#H

Mount Vernon

Screw

625

3-32#

New London

Screw

221

1-20#R, 8-32#

O. M. Pettit

Side wheeler tug

165

1-30#R, 1-20#R

Onward

Ship

874

1-30#R, 8-32#

Pampero

Ship

1375

1-30#R, 4-32#, 1-24#H

Patroon

Screw

183

1-30#R, 4-8”

Penguin

Screw

389

1-8”, 2-32#

Potomska

Screw

287

1-20#R, 4-32#

Philadelphia

Side wheeler

500

2-12#

Pursuit

Bark

603

6-32#

Quaker City

Side wheeler

1600

1-100#R, 1-30#R, 6-8”, 1-20#R

R. B. Forbes

Screw

330

2-32#

R. R. Cuyler

Screw

1200

1-30#R, 8-32#, 1-12#H

Rachel Seaman

Schooner

303

2-32#

Rescue

Screw tug

111

1-30#R, 1-12#R

Resolute

Screw tug

90

1-24#H, 1-12#H

Restless

Bark

265

1-20#R, 4-32#

Rhode Island

Side wheeler

1517

2-8”, 1-50#, 4-32#

Roebuck

Bark

455

1-20#R, 4-32#

Roman

Ship

350

1-32#

Sachem

Screw

197

1-20#R, 4-32#

Samuel Rotan

Schooner

212

2-32#, 1-24#H

Santiago de Cuba

Side wheeler

1850

2-20#R, 8-32#

Satellite

Side wheeler tug

212

2-8”

Shawsheen

Side wheeler tug

180

2-20#R

South Carolina

Screw

1165

4-8”, 1-32#

Southfield

Side wheeler ferry

681

1-100#R, 3-9”

Stars & Stripes

Screw

407

4-8”

Star of Georgia

Side wheeler

1204

6-8”, 1-30#R, 2-32#

Stepping Stones

Side wheeler ferry

226

1-20#R, 3-12#R, 2-12#H

Thomas Freeborn

Side wheeler tug

269

2-32#

Uncas

Screw

197

1-20#R, 2-32#

Underwriter

Side wheeler

341

1-8”, 1-80#R

Valley City

Screw

190

4-32#, 1-12#R

Vanderbilt*

Side wheeler

3360

2-100#R, 12=9”, 1-12#H

Varuna

Screw

1300

8-8”, 2-30#R

Victoria

Screw

254

1-30#R, 2-8”

Vixen

Side wheeler

300

2-20#R

Wamsutta

Screw

270

1-20#R, 4-32#

Watch

Screw tug

90

1-24#H

Western World

Screw

450

1-30#R, 2-32#

Westfield

Side wheeler ferry

822

1-100#R, 1-9”, 4-8”

Whitehall

Side wheeler ferry

326

2-30#R, 2-32#

Whitehead

Screw

139

1-9”, 1-30#R

Wm. G. Anderson

Bark

593

6-32#, 1-24#H

Wm. G. Putnam

Side wheeler

149

1-20#R, 1-32#

Wandank

Side wheeler ferry

40

2-12#

Yankee

Side wheeler

328

2-32#

Young Rover

Screw

418

4-32#, 1-12#R

Zouave

Screw tug

127

2-30#R

*Vanderbilt was the gift of Cornelius Vanderbilt. All these purchased ships still remaining in service in 1865 were sold out in the summer of that year, with the exception of Vanderbilt (sold 1873) and one or two tugs.

 

Mortar Schooners Purchased and Armed:

Ship

Type

Tonnage

Armament
(#=pound, R=rifled, H=howitzer)

Adolph Hugel

Mortar schooner

218

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

Arletta

Mortar schooner

200

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

C. P. Williams

Mortar schooner

210

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

Dan Smith

Mortar schooner

150

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

George Mangham

Mortar schooner

274

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

Henry James

Mortar schooner

240

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

Horace Beals

Mortar schooner

240

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

John Griffith

Mortar schooner

240

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

Maria J. Carlton

Mortar schooner

175

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

Matthew Vassar

Mortar schooner

216

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

Norfolk Packet

Mortar schooner

349

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

O. H. Lee

Mortar schooner

199

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

Orvetta

Mortar schooner

200

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

Para

Mortar schooner

200

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

Racer

Mortar schooner

252

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

Sarah Bruen

Mortar schooner

235

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

Sea Foam

Mortar schooner

251

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

Sidney C. Jones

Mortar schooner

245

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

Sophronia

Mortar schooner

217

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

T.A. Ward

Mortar schooner

285

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

William Bacon

Mortar schooner

183

1-13” mortar, 2-32#

All not sunk during the war were sold out of service in 1865.

 

River Ships:

Ship

Type

Tonnage

Armament
(#=pound, R=rifled, H=howitzer)

Purchased and armed:

Conestoga

Rodgers timberclad

448

4-32#

Lexington

Rodgers timberclad

448

4-8”, 2-32#

Tylor (also called Taylor)

Rodgers timberclad

375

6-8”, 1-32#

Conestoga sunk 1864, others sold out of service 1865.

Laid down:

Cairo

Eads armored ship

512

3-8”, 6-32#, 4-42#R, 1-12#H

Carondelet

Eads armored ship

512

3-8”, 6-32#, 4-42#R, 1-12#H

Cincinnati

Eads armored ship

512

3-8”, 6-32#, 4-42#R, 1-12#H

Louiseville

Eads armored ship

512

3-8”, 6-32#, 4-42#R, 1-12#H

Pittsburgh

Eads armored ship

512

3-8”, 6-32#, 4-42#R, 1-12#H

Mound City

Eads armored ship

512

3-8”, 6-32#, 4-42#R, 1-12#H

St. Louis (Baron de Kalb)

Eads armored ship

512

2-8”, 7-32#, 4-42#R, 1-12#H

Essex

Eads armored ship

614

3-9”, 1-10”, 1-32#, 1-32#H

Benton

Eads armored ship

633

2-9”, 7-42#R, 7-32#

Benton and Pittsburgh completed 1862, all others 1861. All remaining sold out in 1865.

 

Captured Ships taken into Service and Armed:

Ship

Type

Tonnage

Armament
(#=pound, R=rifled, H=howitzer)

Beauregard

Schooner

101

1-32#, 2-12#H (Taken by W. G. Anderson)

Chotank

Schooner

153

2-9”, 1-11” (Taken by Perry)

Nightingale

Ship

1066

4-8” (Seized as slaver)

Sam Houston

Schooner

66

1-12#

All sold out of service in 1865.

 

Confederate Ships Destroyed:

Ship

Type

Notes

Judah

Schooner privateer

By boat expedition

Royal Yacht

Schooner privateer

By boat expedition

Petrel

Schooner privateer

By St. Lawrence

INDEX - 1861 - 1862 - 1863 - 1864 - 1865 - TOP


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